An overview of ancient athenian and spartan cultures

The Temple of Aresto the north of the Agora. During the engagement, rings are exchanged. Lacking proper preservation, the paintings vanished after 4th century A. The Acropolis imagined in an painting by Leo von Klenze The Agora lower city [ edit ] The lower city was built in the plain around the Acropolis, but this plain also contained several hills, especially in the southwest part.

Honey was largely used as a sweetener. Spartan meat The Spartan diet would regularly consist of meat, including pigs, goat, and sheep.

A modern revival of Classical Greek learning took place in the Neoclassicism movement in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Europe and the Americas. Another renowned sculptor was Praxiteles.

As with everything the Spartans were organised and regimented and their diet was too. Divorce has been made easy and dowry system has been abolished. Metroonor temple of the mother of the gods, on the west side of the Agora.

Wikimedia Art, literature, and theatre Literature and theatre, which were very intertwined, were important in ancient Greek society. In order to see their wives during this time, husbands had to sneak away at night.

Classical Greece

The Street of the Tripods, on the east side of the Acropolis. It had major effects on the Roman Empire which ultimately ruled it. The gods also play a large role in The Iliad, in particular, the king of the gods Zeus, the sun god Apollo, and the goddess of wisdom Athena.

Many of the things we associate with Greek culture—for instance, vase-painting, epic poetry, and ship-building—assumed their basic and most familiar forms during this "dark" age.

Classical Athens

Thus, this age is also known as the Age of Lawgivers. In fact, you can see churches in the most bizarre spots, even inside caves and gorges. The school life of the students, however, can start from the age of 2. The Gate of the Dead in the neighbourhood of the Mouseion. The leading statesman of this period was Pericleswho used the tribute paid by the members of the Delian League to build the Parthenon and other great monuments of classical Athens.

For example, the famous cycle "collection" of myths about the Trojan War—if, in fact, it is based on any real event in history—must date to some time around BCE. Upon their exile, they went to Delphi, and Herodotus [6] says they bribed the Pithia to always tell visiting Spartans that they should invade Attica and overthrow Hippias.

Athens was governed by a democracy and great philosophers like Socrates and Plato arose. They worshiped Gods as forms of strength and beauty. Traditional or folk music varies across different parts of the country.

These myths found their most brilliant expression in the early Greek epic poems attributed to Homer, ancient Greece's greatest early poet. Dance is a part of many Greek celebrations and is performed on auspicious occasions. The Olympus Festival celebrates Greek music and theater.

Language History Greece is a country with a very rich history from Bronze age, to classical period, Roman period, Ottoman period and more. It was this military regimented mentality that allowed the small Spartan population to become rulers of ancient Greece and the dominant fighting force of the time.

Post-compulsory Secondary Educationaccording to the reforms of andconsists of two main school types: They would additionally serve as a court in the state, with the power to punish, fine and ban citizens, and even attempt to try the kings in extreme circumstances, should they do something that would require intervention.

Aspects of the culture in Greece Below we propose information about the main aspects of the Greek culture today: Going into battle, a Spartan soldier, or hoplite, wore a large bronze helmet, breastplate and ankle guards, and carried a round shield made of bronze and wood, a long spear and sword.

The deme Melitein the west of the city, south of the inner Kerameikos. If it were not for a handful of Pelasgian words like plinth "brick"a term preserved in ancient Greek, along with a few city-names like Corinth and other scattered vestiges of the Pelasgians' language, we would hardly even know these people ever existed.

There were more city-states than just Sparta and Athens, Ancient Greece had around city-states. Yet one more way to refer to this period is the Lyric Age, a name derived the dominant form of literature in the day. Both daily life and education were very different in Sparta [militant], than in Athens [arts and culture] or in the other ancient Greek city-states.

The goal of education in Sparta, an authoritarian, military city-state, was to produce soldier-citizens who were well-drilled, well-disciplined marching army.

The city of Athens (Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, Athênai [olivierlile.com̯]; Modern Greek: Ἀθῆναι, Athínai) during the classical period of Ancient Greece (– BC) was the major urban center of the notable polis of the same name, located in Attica, Greece, leading the Delian League in the Peloponnesian War against Sparta.

Spartan society and Athenian society had many difference and similarities in terms of various aspects of everyday life, military, women and other aspects. Notes This article was written for a grade 9 "Elective History" in-class assessment, in a time period of 55 minutes.

The following sections of this Historyplex article will give you an overview of the culture of Greece with information about Greek art, literature, music, cuisine, and clothing as also their religion, customs and traditions, beliefs, and way of living. Aug 21,  · Watch video · Unlike such Greek city-states as Athens, a center for the arts, learning and philosophy, Sparta was centered on a warrior culture.

Male Spartan citizens were allowed only one occupation: solider. At age 20, Spartan males became full-time soldiers, and remained on active duty until age The Spartans’ constant military drilling and discipline made them skilled at the ancient Greek style.

An overview of ancient athenian and spartan cultures
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